Chronic Venous Insufficiency:


Healthy leg veins are designed to allow blood to flow against gravity from the legs back up toward the heart. Inside the veins are tiny valves that open and close to help control the flow and pressure CVI occurs when stresses on the venous system like pregnancy, age or standing for long periods of time weaken and stretch the valves in the veins . When the valves become weakened or diseased, the blood flow refluxes toward the gravity and pools in the legs. This, in turn, causes engorgement of the superficial veins which leads into spider, reticular or varicose veins.

Of the over 30 million Americans affected by varicose veins or CVI, only 1.9 million seek treatment annually, while the vast majority remain undiagnosed and untreated.  Without treatment, those with the disease may experience progressive symptoms that can be debilitating and significantly impact quality of life. In fact, more people lose work time over vein disorders than from artery disease.

Those who suffer from CVI may experience:

  • Leg heaviness and fatigue
  • Leg or ankle swelling
  • Leg pain and aching
  • Leg cramping, especially at nights
  • Skin changes
  • Ulcers, open wounds or sores


Who is at risk?

Individuals with untreated varicose veins are at risk for developing CVI, as the symptoms can progress and become more serious over time. CVI can occur in anyone at any age; however, increased age is a risk factor. CVI tends to be more prevalent in women who have been pregnant, those who have a family history of the condition or those whose occupations require prolonged standing. Obesity is also a risk factor.

Factors that can increase risk for CVI

  • Family history of varicose veins
  • Increasing age for both men and women
  • Pregnancy
  • Occupations requiring prolonged standing
  • Obesity



Screening for CVI is done through a simple duplex ultrasound test conducted by our sonographer. The ultrasound uses sound waves to measure the speed and blood flow through the vessels in the leg. The ultrasound test also produces an image of vein structure, offering the specialist a visual of the veins, valve damage and any vein obstructions that may be causing CVI.

Alpha Vein Clinic Las Vegas

Alpha Vein Clinic Las Vegas (702) 430 7661